File Entry: ESPECIACIÓN QUÍMICA DE FÓSFORO EN SEDIMENTOS SUPERFICIALES DEL GOLFO DE PARIA Y EN LA COSTA ATLÁNTICA VENEZOLANA

Created: 2016-03-18 21:39:23
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Version created on: 2016-03-18 21:39:23


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The sequential extraction method SEDEX (sedimentary extraction) modificated by ANDERSON & DELANEY
(2000) has been used to quantify separately four sedimentary phosphorus reservoirs in sediments of the gulf of Paria and the
venezuelan atlantic coast: adsorbed or labile plus P-associated to oxides (F1), P-authigenic (F2), P-detrital (F3) and P-organic
(F4). The marine and continental origin of the sediments was determined by separation of detrital apatite (continental) and
carbonate fluorapatite (CFA) of marine origin. The total phosphorus concentrations are low within the gulf of Paria and the
atlantic venezuelan coast in comparison with other coastal areas (2.38 μmol g-1 to 6.84 μmol g-1) and is mainly in detrital form
(0.78 to 4.61 μmol g-1). In decreasing order the concentrations are: organic (0.56 a 2.47 μmol g-1), adsorbed or labile
phosphorus plus associated oxides (0, 04 to 0. 56 μmol g-1) > autigenic phosphorus (0.04 to 0.31 μmol g-1). ANOVA statistical
tests (P < 0.05) show discrepancies only in the concentrations of the adsorbed or labile phosphorus plus associated oxides
fractions, values being lower in the gulf of Paria. The results suggests that the principal sources are terrestrial lithogenic
apatite from eroded material of the orogenic belts of the coastal Andes and Guiana shield and venezuelan and colombian plains
which was then carried by waters of the Orinoco river and redistributed there. The organic material contribution of native
origin and aloctonal is the second factor that controls the presence of phosphorus in the sediment. The marine contributions
are noted towards the northeast end typified by the presence of carbonate fluoroapatite, indicating of transformation
processes within the sediment.
 


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